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ISPI database:
93 publications listed for William E. Fry:

Juliana González-Tobón, Richard Childers, Carolina Olave, Melissa Regnier, Alejandra Rodríguez-Jaramillo, William Fry, Silvia Restrepo, and Giovanna Danies
Is the phenomenon of mefenoxam-acquired resistance in Phytophthora infestans universal?
Plant Disease 104 (1), 211-221 (2020)

Maria F. Mideros, Hilary Mayton, Giovanna Danies, Luz E. Lagos, William E. Fry, and Silvia Restrepo
Differential susceptibility of tree tomato (Solanum betaceum) cultivars to late blight caused by Phytophthora betacei
Plant Disease 104 (4), 1113-1117 (2020)

Guohong Cai, Kevin Myers, William E. Fry, and Bradley I. Hillman
Phytophthora infestans RNA virus 2, a novel RNA virus from Phytophthora infestans, does not belong to any known virus group
Archives of Virology 164 (2), 567-572 (2019)

William E. Fry, Sean P. Patev, Kevin L. Myers, Kan Bao, and Zhangjun Fei
Phytophthora infestans sporangia produced in culture and on tomato leaflet lesions show marked differences in indirect germination rates, aggressiveness, and global transcription profiles
Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 32 (5), 515-526 (2019)

Mehmet Erhan Göre, Nedim Altin, Tolga Yaman, Kevin Myers, Abdurrahman Çagli, David E.L. Cooke, Ugur Pirlak, Mehtap Alkan, Hüseyin Kabakçi, Nusret Zencirci, William Earl Fry, and Göksel Özer
Severe outbreaks of Phytophthora infestans on potato in Turkey caused by recent changes in the pathogen population structure
Phytoparasitica 47 (5), 693-709 (2019)

M.F. Mideros, D.A. Turissini, N. Guayazán, H. Ibarra-Avila, G. Danies, M. Cárdenas, K. Myers, J. Tabima, E.M. Goss, A. Bernal, L.E. Lagos, A. Grajales, L.N. Gonzalez, D.E.L. Cooke, W.E. Fry, N. Grünwald, D.R. Matute, and S. Restrepo
Phytophthora betacei, a new species within Phytophthora clade 1c causing late blight on Solanum betaceum in Colombia
Persoonia 41, 39-55 (2018)

Yangxuan Liu, Michael R. Langemeier, Ian M. Small, Laura Joseph, and William E. Fry
Risk management strategies using precision agriculture technology to manage potato late blight
Agronomy Journal 109 (2), 562-575 (2017)

Andrea P. Zuluaga, Julio C. Vega-Arreguín, Zhangjun Fei, Lalit Ponnala, Sang Jik Lee, Antonio J. Matas, Sean Patev, William E. Fry, and Jocelyn K.C. Rose
Transcriptional dynamics of Phytophthora infestans during sequential stages of hemibiotrophic infection of tomato
Molecular Plant Pathology 17 (1), 29-41 (2016)

Andrea P. Zuluaga, Julio C. Vega-Arreguín, Zhangjun Fei, Antonio J. Matas, Sean Patev, William E. Fry, and Jocelyn K.C. Rose
Analysis of the tomato leaf transcriptome during successive hemibiotrophic stages of a compatible interaction with the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora infestans
Molecular Plant Pathology 17 (1), 42-54 (2016)

Marie-Claude Gagnon, Lawrence Kawchuk, D. Mathieu Tremblay, Odile Carisse, Giovanna Danies, William E. Fry, C. André Lévesque, and Guillaume J. Bilodeau
Identification of the dominant genotypes of Phytophthora infestans in Canada using real-time PCR with ASO-PCR assays
Plant Disease 100 (7), 1482-1491 (2016)

William E. Fry
Phytophthora infestans: New tools (and old ones) lead to new understanding and precision management
Annual Review of Phytopathology 54, 529-547 (2016)

Zachariah R. Hansen, Kathryne L. Everts, William E. Fry, Amanda J. Gevens, Niklaus J. Grünwald, Beth K. Gugino, Dennis A. Johnson, Steven B. Johnson, Howard S. Judelson, Brian J. Knaus, Margaret T. McGrath, Kevin L. Myers, Jean B. Ristaino, Pamela D. Roberts, Gary A. Secor, and Christine D. Smart
Genetic variation within clonal lineages of Phytophthora infestans revealed through genotyping-by-sequencing, and implications for late blight epidemiology
PLoS ONE 11 (11 - e0165690) (2016)

P. Chowdappa, B.J. Nirmal Kumar, S. Madhura, S.P. Mohan Kumar, K.L. Myers, W.E. Fry, and D.E.L. Cooke
Severe outbreaks of late blight on potato and tomato in South India caused by recent changes in the Phytophthora infestans population
Plant Pathology 64 (1), 191-199 (2015)

Giovanna Danies, Carlos A. Antolínez, Johanna Cantillo, Gerson Peña, Angela M. Vargas, Martha Cárdenas, Adriana J. Bernal, William E. Fry, and Silvia Restrepo
Physalis peruviana responses to Phytophthora infestans are typical of an incompatible interaction
Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 37 (1), 106-117 (2015)

Richard Childers, Giovanna Danies, Kevin Myers, Zhangjun Fei, Ian M. Small, and William E. Fry
Acquired resistance to mefenoxam in sensitive isolates of Phytophthora infestans
Phytopathology 105 (3), 342-349 (2015)

Sophien Kamoun, Oliver Furzer, Jonathan D.G. Jones, Howard S. Judelson, Gul Shad Ali, Ronaldo J.D. Dalio, Sanjoy Guha Roy, Leonardo Schena, Antonios Zambounis, Franck Panabières, David Cahill, Michelina Ruocco, Andreia Figueiredo, Xiao-Ren Chen, Jon Hulvey, Remco Stam, Kurt Lamour, Mark Gijzen, Brett M. Tyler, Niklaus J. Grünwald, M. Shahid Mukhtar, Daniel F.A. Tomé, Mahmut Tör, Guido Van Den Ackerveken, John McDowell, Fouad Daayf, William E. Fry, Hannele Lindqvist-Kreuze, Harold J.G. Meijer, Benjamin Petre, Jean Ristaino, Kentaro Yoshida, Paul R.J. Birch, and Francine Govers
The top 10 oomycete pathogens in molecular plant pathology
Molecular Plant Pathology 16 (4), 413-434 (2015)

Amanda Saville, Kim Graham, Niklaus J. Grünwald, Kevin Myers, William E. Fry, and Jean Beagle Ristaino
Fungicide sensitivity of U.S. genotypes of Phytophthora infestans to six oomycete-targeted compounds
Plant Disease 99 (5), 659-666 (2015)

W.E. Fry, P.R.J. Birch, H.S. Judelson, N.J. Grünwald, G. Danies, K.L. Everts, A.J. Gevens, B.K. Gugino, D.A. Johnson, S.B. Johnson, M.T. McGrath, K.L. Myers, J.B. Ristaino, P.D. Roberts, G. Secor, and C.D. Smart
Five reasons to consider Phytophthora infestans a reemerging pathogen
Phytopathology 105 (7), 966-981 (2015)

Ian M. Small, Laura Joseph, and William E. Fry
Evaluation of the BlightPro decision support system for management of potato late blight using computer simulation and field validation
Phytopathology 105 (12), 1545-1554 (2015)

Michael E.H. Matson, Ian M. Small, William E. Fry, and Howard S. Judelson
Metalaxyl resistance in Phytophthora infestans: Assessing role of RPA190 gene and diversity within clonal lineages
Phytopathology 105 (12), 1594-1600 (2015)

Erica M. Goss, Javier F. Tabima, David E.L. Cooke, Silvia Restrepo, William E. Fry, Gregory A. Forbes, Valerie J. Fieland, Martha Cardenas, and Niklaus J. Grünwald
The Irish potato famine pathogen Phytophthora infestans originated in central Mexico rather than the Andes
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111 (24), 8791-8796 (2014)

Z.R. Hansen, I.M. Small, M. Mutschler, W.E. Fry, and C.D. Smart
Differential susceptibility of 39 tomato varieties to Phytophthora infestans clonal lineage US-23
Plant Disease 98 (12), 1666-1670 (2014)

Pallem Chowdappa, Nirmal B.J. Kumar, Shivanna Madhura, Mohan S.P. Kumar, Kevin L. Myers, William E. Fry, Julie N. Squires, and David E.L. Cooke
Emergence of 13_A2 blue lineage of Phytophthora infestans was responsible for severe outbreaks of late blight on tomato in south-west India
Journal of Phytopathology 161 (1), 49-58 (2013)

Guohong Cai, Silvia Restrepo, Kevin Myers, Paola Zuluaga, Giovanna Danies, Christine Smart, and William Fry
Gene profiling in partially resistant and susceptible near-isogenic tomatoes in response to late blight in the field
Molecular Plant Pathology 14 (2), 171-184 (2013)

B.B. Pule, J.C. Meitz, A.H. Thompson, C.C. Linde, W.E. Fry, S.D. Langenhoven, K.L. Meyers, D.S. Kandolo, N.C. van Rij, and A. McLeod
Phytophthora infestans populations in central, eastern and southern African countries consist of two major clonal lineages
Plant Pathology 62 (1), 154-165 (2013)

W.E. Fry, M.T. McGrath, A. Seaman, T.A. Zitter, A. McLeod, G. Danies, I.M. Small, K. Myers, K. Everts, A.J. Gevens, B.K. Gugino, S.B. Johnson, H. Judelson, J. Ristaino, P. Roberts, G. Secor, K. Seebold Jr., K. Snover-Clift et al.
The 2009 late blight pandemic in the eastern United States - causes and results
Plant Disease 97 (3), 296-306 (2013)

G. Danies, I.M. Small, K. Myers, R. Childers, and W.E. Fry
Phenotypic characterization of recent clonal lineages of Phytophthora infestans in the United States
Plant Disease 97 (7), 873-881 (2013)

A.R. Dunn, B.A. Fry, T.Y. Lee, K.D. Conley, V. Balaji, W.E. Fry, A. McLeod, and C.D. Smart
Transformation of Phytophthora capsici with genes for green and red fluorescent protein for use in visualizing plant-pathogen interactions
Australasian Plant Pathology 42 (5), 583-593 (2013)

Guohong Cai, Kevin Myers, William E. Fry, and Bradley I. Hillman
A member of the virus family Narnaviridae from the plant pathogenic oomycete Phytophthora infestans
Archives of Virology 157 (1), 165-169 (2012)

Chia-Hui Hu, Frances G. Perez, Ryan Donahoo, Adele McLeod, Kevin Myers, Kelly Ivors, Gary Secor, Pamela D. Roberts, Kenneth L. Deahl, William E. Fry, and Jean B. Ristaino
Recent genotypes of Phytophthora infestans in the eastern United States reveal clonal populations and reappearance of mefenoxam sensitivity
Plant Disease 96 (9), 1323-1330 (2012)

Hilary Mayton, Gilda Rauscher, Ivan Simko, and William E. Fry
Evaluation of the RPi-ber late blight resistance gene for tuber resistance in the field and laboratory
Plant Breeding 130 (4), 464-468 (2011)

H. Mayton, H. Griffiths, I. Simko, S. Cheng, J. Lorenzen, W. De Jong, and W.E. Fry
Foliar and tuber late blight resistance in a Solanum tuberosum breeding population
Plant Breeding 129 (2), 197-201 (2010)

Patricia M. Manosalva, Sang-Wook Park, Farhad Forouhar, Liang Tong, William E. Fry, and Daniel F. Klessig
Methyl esterase 1 (StMES1) is required for systemic acquired resistance in potato
Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 23 (9), 1151-1163 (2010)

O. Frenkel, U. Yermiyahu, G.A. Forbes, W.E. Fry, and D. Shtienberg
Restriction of potato and tomato late blight development by sub-phytotoxic concentrations of boron
Plant Pathology 59 (4), 626-633 (2010)

Gilda Rauscher, Ivan Simko, Hilary Mayton, Merideth Bonierbale, Christine D. Smart, Niklaus J. Grünwald, Andrew Greenland, and William E. Fry
Quantitative resistance to late blight from Solanum berthaultii cosegregates with RPi-ber: insights in stability through isolates and environment
Theoretical and Applied Genetics 121 (8), 1553-1567 (2010)

A.R. Dunn, M.G. Milgroom, J.C. Meitz, A. McLeod, W.E. Fry, M.T. McGrath, H.R. Dillard, and C.D. Smart
Population structure and resistance to mefenoxam of Phytophthora capsici in New York State
Plant Disease 94 (12), 1461-1468 (2010)

E. Runno-Paurson, W.E. Fry, T. Remmel, M. Mänd, and K.L. Myers
Phenotypic and genotypic characterisation of Estonian isolates of Phytophthora infestans in 2004-2007
Journal of Plant Pathology 92 (2), 381-390 (2010)

Angela M. Vargas, Lina M. Quesada Ocampo, Maria Catalina Céspedes, Natalia Carreño, Adriana González, Alejandro Rojas, A. Paola Zuluaga, Kevin Myers, William E. Fry, Pedro Jiménez, Adriana J. Bernal, and Silvia Restrepo
Characterization of Phytophthora infestans populations in Colombia: First report of the A2 mating type
Phytopathology 99 (1), 82-88 (2009)

E. Runno-Paurson, W.E. Fry, K.L. Myers, M. Koppel, and M. Mänd
Characterisation of Phytophthora infestans isolates collected from potato in Estonia during 2002-2003
European Journal of Plant Pathology 124 (4), 565-575 (2009)

Guohong Cai, Kevin Myers, Bradley I. Hillman, and William E. Fry
A novel virus of the late blight pathogen, Phytophthora infestans, with two RNA segments and a supergroup 1 RNA-dependent RNA polymerase
Virology 392 (1), 52-61 (2009)

H. Mayton, K. Myers, and W.E. Fry
Potato late blight in tubers - The role of foliar phosphonate applications in suppressing pre-harvest tuber infections
Crop Protection 27 (6), 943-950 (2008)

Adéle McLeod, Barbara A. Fry, A. Paola Zuluaga, Kevin L. Myers, and William E. Fry
Toward improvements of oomycete transformation protocols
The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 55 (2), 103-109 (2008)

William Fry
Phytophthora infestans: the plant (and R gene) destroyer
Molecular Plant Pathology 9 (3), 385-402 (2008)

Christine D. Smart, Steven D. Tanksley, Hilary Mayton, and William E. Fry
Resistance to Phytophthora infestans in Lycopersicon pennellii
Plant Disease 91 (8), 1045-1049 (2007)

M.C. Becktell, C.D. Smart, C.H. Haney, and W.E. Fry
Host-pathogen interactions between Phytophthora infestans and the solanaceous hosts Calibrachoa × hybridus, Petunia × hybrida, and Nicotiana benthamiana
Plant Disease 90 (1), 24-32 (2006)

G.M. Rauscher, C.D. Smart, I. Simko, M. Bonierbale, H. Mayton, A. Greenland, and W.E. Fry
Characterization and mapping of R Pi-ber , a novel potato late blight resistance gene from Solanum berthaultii
Theoretical and Applied Genetics 112 (4), 674-687 (2006)

Niklaus J. Grünwald, Anne K. Sturbaum, Gaspar Romero Montes, Edith Garay Serrano, Hector Lozoya-Saldaña, and William E. Fry
Selection for fungicide resistance within a growing season in field populations of Phytophthora infestans at the center of origin
Phytopathology 96 (12), 1397-1403 (2006)

G.A. Forbes, M.G. Chacón, H.G. Kirk, M.A. Huarte, M. Van Damme, S. Distel, G.R. Mackay, H.E. Stewart, R. Lowe, J.M. Duncan, H.S. Mayton, W.E. Fry, D. Andrivon, D. Ellissèche, R. Pellé, H.W. Platt, G. MacKenzie, T.R. Tarn et al.
Stability of resistance to Phytophthora infestans in potato: an international evaluation
Plant Pathology 54 (3), 364-372 (2005)

M.C. Becktell, M.L. Daughtrey, and W.E. Fry
Temperature and leaf wetness requirements for pathogen establishment, incubation period, and sporulation of Phytophthora infestans on Petunia x hybrida
Plant Disease 89 (9), 975-979 (2005)

M.C. Becktell, M.L. Daughtrey, and W.E. Fry
Epidemiology and management of petunia and tomato late blight in the greenhouse
Plant Disease 89 (9), 1000-1008 (2005)

S. Restrepo, K.L. Myers, O. del Pozo, G.B. Martin, A.L. Hart, C.R. Buell, W.E. Fry, and C.D. Smart
Gene profiling of a compatible interaction between Phytophthora infestans and Solanum tuberosum suggests a role for carbonic anhydrase
Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 18 (9), 913-922 (2005)

Jorge L. Andrade-Piedra, Robert J. Hijmans, Gregory A. Forbes, William E. Fry, and Rebecca J. Nelson
Simulation of potato late blight in the Andes. I: Modification and parameterization of the LATEBLIGHT model
Phytopathology 95 (10), 1191-1199 (2005)

Jorge L. Andrade-Piedra, Robert J. Hijmans, Henry S. Juárez, Gregory A. Forbes, Dani Shtienberg, and William E. Fry
Simulation of potato late blight in the Andes. II: Validation of the LATEBLIGHT model
Phytopathology 95 (10), 1200-1208 (2005)

Jorge L. Andrade-Piedra, Gregory A. Forbes, Dani Shtienberg, Niklaus J. Grünwald, María G. Chacón, Marco V. Taipe, Robert J. Hijmans, and William E. Fry
Qualification of a plant disease simulation model: Performance of the LATEBLIGHT model across a broad range of environments
Phytopathology 95 (12), 1412-1422 (2005)

S.P. Fernández-Pavía, N.J. Grünwald, M. Díaz-Valasis, M. Cadena-Hinojosa, and W.E. Fry
Soilborne oospores of Phytophthora infestans in central Mexico survive winter fallow and infect potato plants in the field
Plant Disease 88 (1), 29-33 (2004)

C.D. Smart, K.L. Myers, S. Restrepo, G.B. Martin, and W.E. Fry
Partial resistance of tomato to Phytophthora infestans is not dependent upon ethylene, jasmonic acid, or salicylic acid signaling pathways
Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 16 (2), 141-148 (2003)

Adele McLeod, Christine D. Smart, and William E. Fry
Characterization of 1,3-ß-glucanase and 1,3;1,4-ß-glucanase genes from Phytophthora infestans
Fungal Genetics and Biology 38 (2), 250-263 (2003)

Wilbert G. Flier, Niklaus J. Grünwald, Laurens P.N.M. Kroon, Anne K. Sturbaum, Trudy B.M. van den Bosch, Edith Garay-Serrano, Hector Lozoya-Saldaña, William E. Fry, and Lod J. Turkensteen
The population structure of Phytophthora infestans from the Toluca Valley of Central Mexico suggests genetic differentiation between populations from cultivated potato and wild Solanum spp.
Phytopathology 93 (4), 382-390 (2003)

Ailton Reis, Christine D. Smart, William E. Fry, Luiz A. Maffia, and Eduardo S.G. Mizubuti
Characterization of isolates of Phytophthora infestans from southern and southeastern Brazil from 1998 to 2000
Plant Disease 87 (8), 896-900 (2003)

Niklaus J. Grünwald, Mateo A. Cadena Hinojosa, Oswaldo Rubio Covarrubias, Antonio Rivera Peña, John S. Niederhauser, and William E. Fry
Potato cultivars from the Mexican national program: sources and durability of resistance against late blight
Phytopathology 92 (7), 688-693 (2002)

Pia D. Gavino, and William E. Fry
Diversity in and evidence for selection on the mitochondrial genome of Phytophthora infestans
Mycologia 94 (5), 781-793 (2002)

Niklaus J. Grünwald, Gaspar Romero Montes, H. Lozoya Saldaña, O.A. Rubio Covarrubias, and William E. Fry
Potato late blight management in the Toluca Valley: field validation of SimCast modified for cultivars with high field resistance
Plant Disease 86 (10), 1163-1168 (2002)

Theresa Yun Lee, Ivan Simko, and William E. Fry
Genetic control of aggressiveness in Phytophthora infestans to tomato
Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 24 (4), 471-480 (2002)

S.P. Fernández-Pavía, N.J. Grünwald, and W.E. Fry
Formation of Phytophthora infestans oospores in nature on tubers in central Mexico
Plant Disease 86 (1), p. 73 (2002)

Niklaus J. Grünwald, Wilbert G. Flier, Anne K. Sturbaum, Edith Garay-Serrano, Trudy B.M. van den Bosch, Christine D. Smart, John M. Matuszak, H. Lozoya-Saldaña, Lod J. Turkensteen, and William E. Fry
Population structure of Phytophthora infestans in the Toluca Valley region of central Mexico
Phytopathology 91 (9), 882-890 (2001)

H. Mayton, G.A. Forbes, E.S.G. Mizubuti, and W.E. Fry
The roles of three fungicides in the epidemiology of potato late blight
Plant Disease 85 (9), 1006-1012 (2001)

Wilbert G. Flier, Niklaus J. Grünwald, William E. Fry, and Lodewijk J. Turkensteen
Formation, production and viability of oospores of Phytophthora infestans from potato and Solanum demissum in the Toluca Valley, central Mexico
Mycological Research 105 (8), 998-1006 (2001)

S. Elansky, A. Smirnov, Y. Dyakov, A. Dolgova, A. Filippov, B. Kozlovsky, B. Kozlovskaya, P. Russo, C. Smart, and W. Fry
Genotypic analysis of Russian iolates of Phytophthora infestans from the Moscow Region, Siberia and Far East
Journal of Phytopathology - Phytopathologische Zeitschrift 149 (10), 605-611 (2001)

Donald E. Aylor, William E. Fry, Hilary Mayton, and Jorge L. Andrade-Piedra
Quantifying the rate of release and escape of Phytophthora infestans sporangia from a potato canopy
Phytopathology 91 (12), 1189-1196 (2001)

C.D. Smart, and W.E. Fry
Invasions by the late blight pathogen: Renewed sex and enhanced fitness
Biological Invasions 3 (3), 235-243 (2001)

E.S.G. Mizubuti, D.E. Aylor, and W.E. Fry
Survival of Phytophthora infestans sporangia exposed to solar radiation
Phytopathology 90 (1), 78-84 (2000)

C.D. Smart, H. Mayton, E.S.G. Mizubuti, M.R. Willmann, and W.E. Fry
Environmental and genetic factors influencing self-fertility in Phytophthora infestans
Phytopathology 90 (9), 987-994 (2000)

Niklaus J. Grünwald, Oswaldo A. Rubio-Covarrubias, and William E. Fry
Potato late-blight management in the Toluca Valley: Forecasts and resistant cultivars
Plant Disease 84 (4), 410-416 (2000)

P.D. Gavino, C.D. Smart, R.W. Sandrock, J.S. Miller, P.B. Hamm, T. Yun Lee, R.M. Davis, and W.E. Fry
Implications of sexual reproduction for Phytophthora infestans in the United States: Generation of an aggressive lineage
Plant Disease 84 (7), 731-735 (2000)

H. Mayton, C.D. Smart, B.C. Moravec, E.S.G. Mizubuti, A.E. Muldoon, and W.E. Fry
Oospore survival and pathogenicity of single oospore recombinant progeny from a cross involving US-17 and US-8 genotypes of Phytophthora infestans
Plant Disease 84 (11), 1190-1196 (2000)

M.E. Vega-Sánchez, L.J. Erselius, A.M. Rodriguez, O. Bastidas, H.R. Hohl, P.S. Ojiambo, J. Mukalazi, T. Vermeulen, W.E. Fry, and G.A. Forbes
Host adaptation to potato and tomato within the US-1 clonal lineage of Phytophthora infestans in Uganda and Kenya
Plant Pathology 49 (5), 531-539 (2000)

Elmer E. Ewing, Ivan Simko, Christine D. Smart, Merideth W. Bonierbale, Eduardo S.G. Mizubuti, Gregory D. May, and William E. Fry
Genetic mapping from field tests of qualitative and quantitative resistance to Phytophthora infestans in a population derived from Solanum tuberosum and Solanum berthaultii
Molecular Breeding 6 (1), 25-36 (2000)

M.E. Ordoñez, H.R. Hohl, J.A. Velasco, M.P. Ramon, P.J. Oyarzun, C.D. Smart, W.E. Fry, G.A. Forbes, and L.J. Erselius
A novel population of Phytophthora, similar to P. infestans, attacks wild Solanum species in Ecuador
Phytopathology 90 (2), 197-202 (2000)

A.E. Dorrance, D.A. Inglis, M.L. Derie, C.R. Brown, S.B. Goodwin, W.E. Fry, and K.L. Deahl
Characterization of Phytophthora infestans populations in western Washington
Plant Disease 83 (5), 423-428 (1999)

Yun Lee, E. Mizubuti, W.E. Fry, and Y.T. Lee
Genetics of metalaxyl resistance in Phytophthora infestans
Fungal Genetics and Biology 26 (2), 118-130 (1999)

C.D. Smart, M.R. Willmann, H. Mayton, E.S.G. Mizubuti, R.W. Sandrock, A.E. Muldoon, and W.E. Fry
Self-fertility in two clonal lineages of Phytophthora infestans
Fungal Genetics and Biology 25 (2), 134-142 (1999)

Gregory A. Forbes, Stephen B. Goodwin, André Drenth, Pedro Oyarzun, Maria Eugenia Ordoñez, and William E. Fry
A global marker database for Phytophthora infestans
Plant Disease 82 (7), 811-818 (1998)

S.B. Goodwin, C.D. Smart, R.W. Sandrock, K.L. Deahl, Z.K. Punja, and W.E. Fry
Genetic change within populations of Phytophthora infestans in the United States and Canada during 1994 to 1996: Role of migration and recombination
Phytopathology 88 (9), 939-949 (1998)

E.S.G. Mizubuti, and W.E. Fry
Temperature effects on developmental stages of isolates from three clonal lineages of Phytophthora infestans
Phytopathology 88 (8), 837-843 (1998)

E.S.G. Mizubuti, H.S. Mayton, C.D. Smart, M. Grasmick, and W.E. Fry
Plot sizes for experiments designed to assess chemical control and cultivar resistance levels to potato late blight
International Congress of Plant Pathology 7th meeting, section 2.8 (1998)

W.E. Fry
New strains of Phytophthora infestans from Mexico
International Congress of Plant Pathology 7th meeting, section 4.6 (1998)

Gregory A. Forbes, Ximena C. Escobar, Catalina C. Ayala, Jorge Revelo, Maria E. Ordoñez, Barbara A. Fry, Katharine Doucett, and William E. Fry
Population genetic structure of Phytophthora infestans in Ecuador
Phytopathology 87 (4), 375-380 (1997)

Masayasu Kato, Eduardo S. Mizubuti, Stephen B. Goodwin, and William E. Fry
Sensitivity to protectant fungicides and pathogenic fitness of clonal lineages of Phytophthora infestans in the United States
Phytopathology 87 (9), 973-978 (1997)

P.J. Oyarzun, M.E. Ordoñes, G.A. Forbes, and W.E. Fry
First report of Phytophthora infestans A2 mating type in Ecuador
Plant Disease 81 (3), p. 311 (1997)

E.S.G. Mizubuti, and W.E. Fry
Late blight simulation using artificial neural networks
Phytopathology 86 (11 suppl.), S85 (1996)

J.C. Fay, and W.E. Fry
Effects of hot and cold temperatures on the survival of oospores produced by United States strains of Phytophthora infestans
Phytopathology 86 (11 suppl.), S121 (1996)

D. Blachinski, D. Shtienberg, A. Dinoor, U. Kafkafi, L.S. Sujkowski, T.A. Zitter, and W.E. Fry
Influence of foliar application of nitrogen and potassium on Alternaria diseases in potato, tomato and cotton
Phytoparasitica 24 (4), 281-292 (1996)

Ludwik S. Sujkowski, Stephen B. Goodwin, and William E. Fry
Changes in specific virulence in Polish populations of Phytophthora infestans: 1985-1991
European Journal of Plant Pathology 102 (6), 555-561 (1996)

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